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Parent Guided to Year 4 Reading

Year 4 Reading

Assessing Reading – Year 4 Expectations

Word Reading

  • Apply knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes, to read aloud and to understand the meaning of unfamiliar words
  • Read further exception words, noting the unusual correspondences between spelling and sound, and where these occur in the word
  • Attempt pronunciation of unfamiliar words drawing on prior knowledge of similar looking words

Reading Comprehension

  • Know which books to select for specific purposes, especially in relation to science, history and geography learning
  • Use dictionaries to check the meaning of unfamiliar words
  • Discuss and record words and phrases that writers use to engage and impact on the reader
  • Know and recognise some of the literary conventions in text types covered
  • Begin to understand simple themes in books
  • Prepare poems to read aloud and to perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone, volume and action
  • Explain the meaning of words in context
  • Ask questions to improve understanding of a text
  • Infer meanings and begin to justify them with evidence from the text
  • Predict what might happen from details stated and deduced information
  • Identify how the writer has used precise word choices for effect to impact on the reader
  • Identify some text type organisational features, for example, narrative, explanation, persuasion
  • Retrieve and record information from non-fiction
  • Make connections with prior knowledge and experience
  • Begin to build on others’ ideas and opinions about a text in discussion
  • Explain why text types are organised in a certain way

Assessing Reading – Year 4 Mastery

Reading-Exceeding Statements

  • Locate and use information from a range of sources, both fiction and non-fiction
  • Compare fictional accounts in historical novels with the factual account
  • Appreciate the bias in persuasive writing, including articles and advertisements
  • Talk widely about different authors, giving some information about their backgrounds and the type of literature they produce
  • Use inference and deduction to work out the characteristics of different people from a story
  • Compare the language in older texts with modern Standard English (spelling, punctuation and vocabulary);
  • Skim, scan and organise non- fiction information under different headings
  • Refer to the text to support predictions and opinions
  • Recognise complex sentences
  • Show awareness of the listener through the use of pauses, giving emphasis and keeping an appropriate pace so as to entertain and maintain interest

Writing-Exceeding Statements

  • Prepared to carry out a little research to find words that are specific to the event being written about
  • Check to see if there are any sentences that can be re-organised so as to give my writing a greater impact
  • Consciously use short sentences to speed up action sequences
  • Use dialogue and reactions from other characters to make my character interesting
  • Recognise when a simile may generate more impact than a metaphor, and vice versa
  • Recognise when it is reasonable to allow direct speech to tell the reader more about an individual’s personality
  • Recognise that a combination of good adjectives, similes and metaphors may help create a powerful image of the characters I am writing about
  • Know how to re-order sentences so that they create maximum effect
  • Vary choice of pronouns correctly to refer to the first, second and third person, both singular and plural
  • Use commas or ellipses in order to create greater clarity and effect in my writing


Use the links below to help you to support your child on their Year 4 reading journey: